Display and Visibility

2:33:00 PM |

Box 1

Box 2
Box 3

Hiding an Element - display:none or visibility:hidden

Hiding an element can be done by setting the display property to "none" or the visibility property to "hidden". However, notice that these two methods produce different results:
visibility:hidden hides an element, but it will still take up the same space as before. The element will be hidden, but still affect the layout.


h1.hidden {visibility:hidden;}
display:none hides an element, and it will not take up any space. The element will be hidden, and the page will be displayed as the element is not there:


h1.hidden {display:none;}

CSS Display - Block and Inline Elements

A block element is an element that takes up the full width available, and has a line break before and after it.
Examples of block elements:
  • <h1>
  • <p>
  • <div>
An inline element only takes up as much width as necessary, and does not force line breaks.
Examples of inline elements:
  • <span>
  • <a>

Changing How an Element is Displayed

Changing an inline element to a block element, or vice versa, can be useful for making the page look a specific way, and still follow web standards.
The following example displays list items as inline elements:


li {display:inline;}
The following example displays span elements as block elements:


span {display:block;}