HTML Layouts - Using Tables

1:33:00 PM |

The simplest way of creating layouts is by using the HTML <table> tag.
The following example uses a table with 3 rows and 2 columns - the first and last row spans both columns using the colspan attribute:

Example

<html>
<body>

<table width="500" border="0">
<tr>
<td colspan="2" style="background-color:#FFA500;">
<h1>Main Title of Web Page</h1>
</td>
</tr>

<tr valign="top">
<td style="background-color:#FFD700;width:100px;text-align:top;">
<b>Menu</b><br />
HTML<br />
CSS<br />
JavaScript
</td>
<td style="background-color:#EEEEEE;height:200px;width:400px;text-align:top;">
Content goes here</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td colspan="2" style="background-color:#FFA500;text-align:center;">
Copyright © 2011 Zo Hornbill</td>
</tr>
</table>

</body>
</html>
The HTML code above will produce the following result:

Main Title of Web Page

Menu
HTML
CSS
JavaScript
Content goes here
Copyright © 2011 Zo Hornbill
 Note: Even though it is possible to create nice layouts with HTML tables, tables were designed for presenting tabular data - NOT as a layout tool!

HTML Layouts - Using Div Elements

The div element is a block level element used for grouping HTML elements.
The following example uses five div elements to create a multiple column layout, creating the same result as in the previous example:

Example

<html>
<body>

<div id="container" style="width:500px">

<div id="header" style="background-color:#FFA500;">
<h1 style="margin-bottom:0;">Main Title of Web Page</h1></div>

<div id="menu" style="background-color:#FFD700;height:200px;width:100px;float:left;">
<b>Menu</b><br />
HTML<br />
CSS<br />
JavaScript</div>

<div id="content" style="background-color:#EEEEEE;height:200px;width:400px;float:left;">
Content goes here</div>

<div id="footer" style="background-color:#FFA500;clear:both;text-align:center;">
Copyright © 2011 Zo Hornbill</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>
The HTML code above will produce the following result:

Main Title of Web Page

Menu
HTML
CSS
JavaScript
Content goes here
Copyright © 2011 Zo Hornbill