HTML Tables

1:59:00 PM |

Tables are defined with the <table> tag.
A table is divided into rows (with the <tr> tag), and each row is divided into data cells (with the <td> tag). td stands for "table data," and holds the content of a data cell. A <td> tag can contain text, links, images, lists, forms, other tables, etc.

Table Example

<table border="1">
<tr>
<td>row 1, cell 1</td>
<td>row 1, cell 2</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>row 2, cell 1</td>
<td>row 2, cell 2</td>
</tr>
</table>
How the HTML code above looks in a browser:
row 1, cell 1row 1, cell 2
row 2, cell 1row 2, cell 2



HTML Tables and the Border Attribute

If you do not specify a border attribute, the table will be displayed without borders. Sometimes this can be useful, but most of the time, we want the borders to show.
To display a table with borders, specify the border attribute:
<table border="1">
<tr>
<td>Row 1, cell 1</td>
<td>Row 1, cell 2</td>
</tr>
</table>



HTML Table Headers

Header information in a table are defined with the <th> tag.
All major browsers will display the text in the <th> element as bold and centered.
<table border="1">
<tr>
<th>Header 1</th>
<th>Header 2</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>row 1, cell 1</td>
<td>row 1, cell 2</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>row 2, cell 1</td>
<td>row 2, cell 2</td>
</tr>
</table>
How the HTML code above looks in your browser:
Header 1Header 2
row 1, cell 1row 1, cell 2
row 2, cell 1row 2, cell 2



HTML Table Tags

TagDescription
<table>Defines a table
<th>Defines a table header
<tr>Defines a table row
<td>Defines a table cell
<caption>Defines a table caption
<colgroup>Defines a group of columns in a table, for formatting
<col />Defines attribute values for one or more columns in a table
<thead>Groups the header content in a table
<tbody>Groups the body content in a table
<tfoot>Groups the footer content in a table